Output I: Polices for managing migration are evidence-based and effectively implemented.
Promotion of adoption of evidence-based policies and effective legislation.
CARMP analyzes the implementation of existing migration policy through administrative and judicial practices, with a view to proposing gender sensitive recommendations for improvements to the current legislative framework.
CARMP conducts a number of studies agreed with the Federal Migration Service on topics related to analysis of migration flows; assessment of labour migration impact on the socio-economic situation in the countries of origin and destination; assessment of the labour migration market; the reintegration of labour migrants in the countries of origin. The results of this analytical work contribute to the implementation of the activities around xenophobia and discrimination of labour migrants. Some of these papers are used as baseline information.
CARMP also analyzes federal and regional legislation; administrative and court decisions in implementing migration laws (federal and oblast); and conflicts of law in administrative and judicial practices with regard to labour migrants and employers.
Training of stakeholders involved in developing and implementing labour migration policies.
Improved policies and legislation on labour migration cannot be effectively implemented if government officials and other stakeholders do not possess necessary skills for implementation. CARMP supports training of migration practitioners, with a focus on the specific needs of each country. Gender sessions are integrated into the training programmes, developed based on the assessment of knowledge among migration agencies staff on gender equality and human rights aspects of labour migration.
CARMP trains government officials (mainly Federal Migration Service), on national and regions level on implementation of migration policy and selected specialized migration issues, but also provides training to employers, who hire labour migrants from the Central Asian Republics in their business, with a view to promote the legal ways of employment.
The main objective of the training is to increase the skills of the government staff on labour migration regulations.
CARMP also trains businessmen and entrepreneurs who hire labour migrants from the Central Asian Republics in their businesses. During the training they learn about the legal aspects and the mechanisms of the recruitment process.
Output II: Improved regional partnerships, dialogue and coordination on selected migration issues.
CARMP provides specialized expert advice to Migration Service to prepare and follow up on EurAsEC high level and expert group meetings. Topics for briefing notes are agreed and include gender issues.
Output III: Labour migrants and their families benefit from a broader range of gender sensitive services provided throughout migration cycle.
In Russia the following activities are undertaken to contribute to the Output III:
- Establish an Information Centre in Moscow and counselling through regional counterparts in selected oblasts;
- Develop and test a Pilot Recruitment Scheme for 100 migrants; and,
- Design and deliver comprehensive information campaigns aimed at labour migrants.
Establish the Information Centre in Moscow and counselling in St.Petersburg.
CARMP established Information Centre provides comprehensive information, consultative and psychological assistance to labour migrants, including the most vulnerable social groups such as women-migrants, irregular migrants, etc. The Centre collects information on migration related issues via the consultations held. This work supports analysis of the migration situation and assists the formulation of proposals to promote legal migration. Assistance and counselling for labour migrants is also provided in selected Russian regions through NGOs partners.
The Centre personnel includes: Director, two consultants and one part-time (50%) lawyer. More information about the Centre is available here.
Design and deliver comprehensive information campaigns
The aim of the information campaign is to inform the target audience as to the risks related to irregular migration and irregular employment and to provide them with legal assistance and counselling. Most of migrants are not aware of the practical, legal, social and economic difficulties, the conditions in the countries of destination; they are not familiar with the laws and policies that may affect their current and future situations. Information materials are disseminated in a targeted manner through the national and regional networks of state and non-state organizations.
CARMP designs and delivers training programmes for labour migrants. It is planned that around 100,000 migrants will be targeted through the information campaign.
Output V: Increase capacity of civil society organizations to support measures to increase social tolerance of labour migrants and reduce xenophobia in destination countries.
In Russia the activities under this output to are undertaken to increase the social tolerance of the local population towards labour migrants.
CARMP supports a media scan and media self-assessment initiative, through which media institutions are able to critically assess their own media products from the perspectives of discriminatory and imbalanced portraying of women and men labour migrants and their role in the development of the local societies and economies.
The following activities will be undertaken in 2 oblasts in Russia:
Facilitate partnership to develop a strategy on the social integration of labour migrants.
Initiatives to support the social integration of labour migrants are mainly being undertaken by civil society organizations and the diaspora on an ad-hoc basis. To ensure that effective measures on the social integration of labour migrants are adopted, there is a need for a strategy that helps conceptualize specific local policies on social integration and outlines the roles and responsibilities of development partners. The project supports key partners (municipalities, NGOs, diaspora) to develop a strategy through a participatory process in order to build ownership by relevant partners under the leadership of the local branch of Migration Agency.
Support networks and associations to conduct media campaigns.
The perpetuation of negative or stereotyped images of women and men labour migrants, particularly in the media, does not provide an accurate or realistic picture of the roles and contribution of labour migration to local economies in receiving countries. The elimination of these stereotypes is paramount for the establishment of a human rights based and gender responsive environment which is friendly and conducive for the social integration of women and men labour migrants. Whilst the media cannot be held responsible for the actions, attitudes or behaviour of individuals, it is powerful in shaping public opinion, bringing new issues or perspectives to light, and defining the terms of public debate. This activity therefore focuses on strengthening the capacity of local civil society organizations and the diaspora to work with the media to promote a more positive image of labour migrants.